In adolescence your ovaries begin to produce more female hormones, giving rise to menstruation and ovulation.
During your fertile ages ovaries release eggs almostly each month, in order to give you chance to conceive. If fertilization isn’t happened, uterine lining get shed, causing menstrual bleeding.
All these processes are regulated by female reproductive hormones called estrogen and progesterone. Besides this, they are involved into regulation of your bone density, mental function, heart working and skin appearance.
In the middle age your ovaries cut down production of sex hormones bit by bit. Extremely low levels of estrogen and progesterone lead to cessation of ovulation and menstruation. Henceforth you can’t get pregnant and bear a child. If your periods are absent during twelve consecutive months, it means that you entered menopause.
Nobody can foresee exact age of the menopause. According to statistics, the average American women go through this stage at the age of 51.
Actually symptoms of menopause start several years before its occurrence, when hormonal levels begin to decline.
These symptoms usually vary from woman to woman. Even if your mother suffered from unbearable night sweats and headaches, it doesn’t mean that you would feel the same.
Here are the most common symptoms of menopause, you may experience:
#1 Irregular menses – hormonal fluctuations can change duration of your menstrual cycle and make it irregular.
#2 Heavy menstrual bleeding – perimenopause (period that starts some years before menopause) often becomes apparent in heavier periods.
#3 Hot flashes – sudden sense of heat, which starts in your face and upper body, is one of the most common menopause-associated symptoms.
#4 Night sweats – hot flashes may happen at nights, causing heavy sweating.
#5 Insomnia – you can find it really difficult to fall asleep in the course of menopause. Sleeplessness makes you feel nervous and tired during the day.
#6 Mood swings – we often have low mood a day or two before periods. In menopause depression and abrupt mood changes occur more frequently and last longer than few days.
#7 Vaginal dryness – hormonal imbalance can impair moistening of your private part. That’s why you may suffer from itching and burning in the genital area.
#8 Increased urination – pelvic muscles often lose their elasticity in the middle ages. As a result, women experience frequent urge to urinate, even if a bladder is empty.
#9 Weight gain – sorry, ladies, but that’s true. We’re more likely to store fat around the waist, when estrogen levels drop down.
#10 Hair loss – hormonal alterations can be a reason of thin hair that fall out intensively.
#11 Low libido – women often feel uncomfortable during intercourse because of vaginal dryness. Decreased levels of estrogen and progesterone can also reduce your sex drive, causing problems in relations.
#12 Palpitations – feel rapid heartbeats? It may be a symptom of menopause, especially if they come together with hot flashes.
#13 Poor concentration – changes in reproductive hormones may influence on your cognitive function. Here is the underlying cause of memory problems and concentration difficulties.
#14 Dry skin – during menopause your skin loses collagen. As a result, you may notice new wrinkles, extreme dryness and flaking of your skin.
#15 Headaches – hormones may be responsible for your frequent long-lasting headaches, which can interfere with your daily tasks.