The major gland in the center of the neck that is responsible for the metabolism is the thyroid. Therefore, it needs to function pretty well so that your body functions optimally too.
Around 25 million Americans have thyroid problems and half of them do not even know this. The main problem that is connected to the thyroid is called an Under-active thyroid or hypothyroidism.
Working of the Thyroid Gland
The hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and the thyroid gland are the major functionaries for the production of thyroid hormones. Hypothalamic thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) causes pituitary thyrotropin (TSH) synthesis and secretion.
Furthermore, TSH affects the production and secretion of T4 (an inactive form of hormone) and T3 (active) from the gland. The function of T4 is to signal TRH and TSH to stop the production of the thyroid hormone after a certain amount. As the production of T4 is more, some of them get converted into T3. Also, some of the T3 gets converted into either Free T3 (FT3) or Reverse T3 (RT3). Free T3 is the most important hormone here as it has the ability to raise our metabolism by attaching to a receptor, keeping us warm, our mind healthy, and our bowel movement intact.
The most common form of hypothyroidism is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, which is an auto-immune disease.
The underdiagnosed cases of hypothyroidism in the USA:
The problem shoots up when most of the doctor in the USA go after TSH and T4 test results and neglect FT3, RT3 or other thyroid related hormones. They ignore the symptoms of their patients, and just look out for the generic lab references.
Lab tests for Thyroid problems:
- Free T4
- Free T3
- Reverse T3
- Thyroid Peroxidase Antibodies (TPOAb)
- Thyroglobulin Antibodies (TgAb)
Optimal values for Thyroid tests:
Along with the symptoms of the patients and their problems a doctor can go with the below-mentioned range for the reference to the optimal values for the hormone tests.
- TSH 1-2 UIU/ML or lower
- FT4 > 1.1 NG/DL
- FT3 > 3.2 PG/ML
- RT3 less than 10:1 ratio RT3: FT3
- TPO- < 9 IU/ML or negative
- TgAb- < 4 IU/MK or negative
10 Signs of Hypothyroidism
- To feel exhausted or fatigued even if you are sleeping regularly, from 8 to 10 hours.
- A lot of weight gain, or just being unable to lose weight.
- Feeling depressed, anxious, or having recurring mood swings.
- Imbalanced hormones causing PMS, PCOD, low sex drive, and infertility.
- Feeling colder and your body temperature is less than 98.5.
- Dehydrated skin, brittle nails, and weak hair.
- Trouble concentrating, brain for, or poor memory.
- Swelling in the neck area, snoring during sleep, coarse voice.
- Pain in the muscles and joints, carpal tunnel syndrome, or tendonitis.
10 ways to Deal With Thyroid Problems
- You can take multivitamins with incorporating zinc, selenium, and iron in your diet.
- Also, take iodine supplements for FT4 and FT3 conversion.
- Having a gluten-free diet can help with the thyroid signs and symptoms.
- Try yoga or meditation to soothe the circulatory system.
- Sleep at least 8 to 10 hours.
- If you have amalgam fillings in the tooth, you need to remove them.
- Regulate the Intake of cruciferous vegetables.
- Your diet and environment have to be immune to fluoride, bromide, and chlorine.
- A healthy gut helps a lot.
- The main cause of a thyroid problem has to be discovered by a specialized doctor and required medicine.
That is all. Still, you can identify the 10 signs of having thyroid problems and then follow the 10 steps to try an cure it. However, if it is not working, you need to get help for sure.